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“食い物”にされる外国人実習生 セクハラ、パワハラ、賃金未払い…「奴隷」批判も ピンハネ借金縛り

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“食い物”にされる実習生 セクハラ、パワハラ、賃金未払い…「奴隷」批判も (産経新聞) - Yahoo!ニュース

 

“食い物”にされる実習生 セクハラ、パワハラ、賃金未払い…「奴隷」批判も

11/17(金) 16:00配信

産経新聞

 働きながら技術を身に付ける「外国人技能実習制度」で、11月から罰則を強化する適正化法が施行された。制度をめぐっては、これまでセクハラや賃金未払いなど違法行為が相次いでいる。実習生が“食い物”にされ、「人権侵害」との国際批判もある。もともと制度の趣旨は「国際貢献」であるにもかかわらず、新たな制度になっても受け入れ先が外国人を「安い労働力」として偏見的に捉える実態は変わらない。(社会部 天野健作)

■受け入れ先から「アホ」「死ね」の暴言

 「家族と離れて日本に来て、我慢してきたがつらい思い出ばかりだった」

 カンボジア国籍の技能実習生だった男性(34)はこう言ってうなだれた。

 男性は平成26年6月に来日後、東京都内の建設会社で配管工として働き始めた。言語能力に難があり、コミュニケーションを取るのに不自由した。直後、上司から「アホ」「死ね」などの暴言を吐かれ、工具でヘルメットを思いっきりたたかれるなどの暴行を受けたという。

 27年9月、現場で作業中に電気のこぎりに巻き込まれ、左手人さし指の先端を切断。事故後、受け入れ先から「金欲しさにわざと切ったのだろう」などと暴言が繰り返されたため、精神的におかしくなり、病院で鬱病と診断された。立川労働基準監督署(東京)も労災認定している。

 一方、実習生の中国人の女性(44)はセクハラに悩んでいた。

 4年前に来日し、茨城県の大葉農家で働き始めた。昼間は収穫作業に従事し、夜は大葉をゴムに束ねる作業をしていたが、この作業は残業ではなく「内職」として、1時間に300円の時給が支払われただけだった。農家に居住していたものの、受け入れ先の男性から身体を触られたり、入浴中に突然、男性が入ってきたりしたという。

■2400万円の賃金未払い

 パワハラやセクハラにとどまらない。賃金の未払いや違法な過重労働が横行している。

 厚生労働省は今年8月、実習生の受け入れ先の監督指導状況を公表。それによると、平成28年に監督指導を実施した5672機関のうち、7割に当たる4004機関で労働基準関係法令の違反が認められたという。

 特に不当に安価な賃金で実習生を酷使しているケースが多い。厚労省によると、ある受け入れ先では17人の実習生について、通常の労働時間はタイムカードで管理されていたが、残業や休日労働を別に手書きのメモで記載。その分については時給350~450円で働かせており、計約2400万円の賃金未払いがあったという。

■悪徳ブローカーが暗躍

 実習生の最大の出身国はベトナムだ。昨年末時点で約8万8千人が来日している。関係者によると、現地では日本へ渡航させるブローカーが暗躍しており、手数料名目で多額の現金を実習生に要求している。一人当たりの手数料は7千~1万ドル(77万~110万円)ともいう。

 国連の「人身売買に関する特別報告者」であるジョイ・ヌゴシ・エゼイロ氏(ナイジェリア出身)は2009年夏に日本で状況調査し、翌年に国連人権理事会に次のような報告をしている。

 「多くの実習生が、送り出し機関に多額の保証金を支払い、しばしば自宅を担保として追加することが求められている。過酷な状況の下、生活しながら働き続け、奴隷や強制労働に似た慣行を強いられている」

 11月に施行された適正化法は国内の受け入れ先を対象としており、出身国の送り出し機関への規制は及んでいない。

 制度に詳しい高井信也弁護士は「制度は目的と実態が大きく乖離(かいり)しており、国際貢献ではない。新しい制度になっても、中間搾取など構造的に変わっておらず、問題はなくならない」と話している。

【関連記事】

Trainee sexual harassment made to "food", power hara, wage unpaid ... also criticism of "slave"
11/17 (Friday) 16: 00 delivery
Sankei Shimbun
Trainee sexual harassment made to "food", power hara, wage unpaid ... also criticism of "slave"
A helmet that a foreign student wore was wearing. "He was beaten with a tool from his boss and broke" = Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (Photograph taken by Amano Kensaku) (Photo: Sankei Shimbun)
At the "Foreign Skills Practicing System" to acquire skills while working, from November the Law for Promotion of Enforcement to Enforce Penal Provisions came into force. Regarding the system, illegal acts such as sexual harassment and unpaid wages have been occurring one after another. Trainees are made "food" and there are also international criticisms of "human rights abuses". Despite the fact that the purpose of the system was "international contribution", even though it became a new system, the acceptance of the acceptance of foreigners as "cheap labor" remains unchanged. (Kenko Amano, Social Division)

■ Larry of "Aho" "Dead" from the receiving party

"I came to Japan apart from my family and I endured it, but I only had hard time memories."

A man (34), a technical intern trainee of Cambodian nationality, dropped by saying this.

After coming to Japan in June, He began working as a plumber at a construction company in Tokyo. I had difficulty in language ability and I was inconvenienced to communicate. Immediately afterwards, he was violent, such as "Aho" "Dead" from his boss, suffered assault such as hitting a helmet with a tool.

In September 197, while working in the field he was caught in an electric saw and cut the tip of the index finger of the left hand. After the accident, it was mentally misunderstood because the verbal abduction was repeated such as "I thought it was intentionally turned on gold want" from the receiving side, and I was diagnosed as depression in the hospital. The Tachikawa Labor Standards Inspection Office (Tokyo) is also certifying workers' compensation.

Meanwhile, a Chinese woman (44), a trainee student, was suffering from sexual harassment.

He came to Japan four years ago and began working at a large leaf farmer in Ibaraki Prefecture. In the daytime I was engaged in harvesting work and in the night I was working on bundling large leaves into rubber, but this work was not overtime, but as an "internal job", only an hourly wage of 300 yen per hour was paid. Although he lived in a farmhouse, the body was touched by a receiving male, and a man suddenly came in while taking a bath.

■ Wage unpaid for 24 million yen

It is not limited to power harassment and sexual harassment. Unpaid wages and illegal overwork are rampant.

In August this year, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare announced the supervision guidance status of accepting recipients of interns. According to it, violation of labor standards related laws was approved at 4004 institutions, which accounts for 70% of the 5672 institutions that supervised guidance in Heisei 28 years.

In many cases, they are overworking trainees on unreasonably inexpensive wages. According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, there were 17 apprentices at a place to accept ordinary working hours managed by time card, but overtime and holiday labor are described separately by handwritten notes. About that amount worked with hourly wages of 350 to 450 yen and said that there was a wage unpaid of about 24 million yen in total.

■ A vice broker gains a leap

The nation's biggest country of origin is Vietnam. Approximately 88,000 people have come to Japan as of the end of last year. According to officials, a local broker who is traveling to Japan is on the verge of hatching, requesting a lot of cash from the trainee due to the nominal fee. The per capita fee is also called 7,000 to 10,000 dollars (770,000 to 1,100,000 yen).

Mr. Joy Ngosi Ezeroro (born in Nigeria), a UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, conducted a situation survey in Japan in the summer of 2009 and has reported to the United Nations Human Rights Council the following year the following year.

"Many apprentices pay a large amount of deposit to the sending agency and are often required to add home as collateral.In harsh circumstances, while continuing to work while living, practices similar to slave and forced labor I am forced to do. "

The law of compliance, which came into force in November, covers domestic recipients, and there is no regulation on the sending agency of the country of origin.

Shinya Takai, a lawyer who is familiar with the system, said, "The system is a great divergence between the purpose and the actual situation, not an international contribution, Even if it becomes a new system, it does not change structurally, such as intermediate exploitation, It is talking.